|By its composition and the spectacular mix of land and water, by the flora and fauna, by its specific, is the most interesting delta in Europe.
The main factors that contributed to the formation of the Delta are: the Danube, the sea and the strong marine.
At the beginning of Quaternary era, the Danube Delta didn't exist.
After it left the Black Forest Mountains, the Danube reached only at the Iron Gates, where the Carpathians hold its waters for a while.
In the struggle between whirling waters of the river and rough rocks of the Carpathians, the Danube has emerged victorious.
In the glacial era, it manages to reach the sea, but only with one arm.
That's how was described 2400-year ago the Greek historian Herodotus.
He says, then, there was a huge estuary, one of the great golf, where Ships could dock in freely.
But over time, the golf was plugged due to coastal banks which were formed and the material transported by the Danube.
Delta's current appearance is no longer similar to that of the time of Herodotus, Polibiu, Pliny the Old and other ancient historians, who wrote about the beauty of the places where the Istros meets and struggles with the Black Sea.
Because here at the mouth of the Danube, we have today a tough fight between river and sea.
Between the arms of Sfintu Gheorghe and Sulina, the Delta advances with an average of 4 m annually.
Delta is considered by specialists a "huge geologic and biological laboratory" where everything is in continuous transformation.
Out of the total area of 434,000 hectares, only 65,000 hectares is the land but not exclusively.
Over 80% of Delta's area is covered by water. During floods, the land area is only 14,000 ha.
A large variety of landscapes will welcome the traveler: sand banks, large ponds, sand dunes at
Caraorman, equatorial looking forests at Letea, canals shaded by old trees.
The lands in the vicinity of the Delta are places bearing the traces of ancient civilizations: fortreses founded by Greek colonists coming from Milet, the Geto-Dacian population, the romans and the Byzantine
These places were traveled by major figures of the ancient world.
Among them Darius, the King of Persians and Alexander the Great, king of Macedonia, in 335 BC which has followed the
tribal (tracians) refugee in the island of Peuce (located near Sfintu Gheorghe arm).
Many settlements in the Delta have revealed vestiges of the era of the migration during the Turkish occupation, which lasted for four centuries, from the fifteenth century until the nineteenth century.
Danube Delta represents today an important asset first of all economically.
Its waters contain large quantities of fish (over 60 species), including sturgeons, source of the caviar.
And if the fishing is available for individuals in picturesque boats, industrial fishing is organized with modern motor boats.
Traveling on the arms of Sulina and Sfantu Gheorghe, the tourist will meet many lighters loaded with reeds.
Reed covers 300,000 ha in the Delta area.
A curiosity of the Delta are the old oak forests on the sand banks in Letea and
Caraorman. Together with the oak, grow willow trees, poplar, ash, wild cherry, hazelnut, hops and vines.
Varied and luxuriant vegetation of Letea reminds of equatorial forests, because plants which spread a sweet fragrance and hang like lianas on trees trunks and poplar, making the forest impenetrable.
The forest of Letea is declared a natural monument.
Delta is the meeting point of the various birds.
The Danube Delta is visited also, by seasonal visitors who come only during the summer, breed, and leave in the autumn for warmer places - different species of ducks, swan (Cygnus olor), cormorant
(Phalacracorax carbo) and pelicans.
All varieties of birds from between tropics and the polar circle pass along: Anser ALBIFRONS, Anser erytropus, Branta berniola, nyroca marila and others, the Siberian birds, Anes PENELOPE, the whistling swan
(Cygnus cygnus), TRINGA erythropus, etc..
In the spring, the Danube Delta lives the big event of returning migratory birds, including pelicans arriving in early April, from the western coast of Africa, from the blue Nile, from the Persian Gulf and
from southern Russia.
A recent count of the pelicans allowed to observe a growth in the number of pelicans that populate the Delta.
The Danube Delta hosts over 300 species of birds.
For the protection of these species, the Romanian Academy has created in the Delta two reserves for hatching of 25,000 ha each.
There were created five rest areas for migratory birds in various points, known by the birds and used by them every time they stop in the Delta.
Delta fauna is very varied.
On these lands, among willow trees in the thicket and forests, live various mammals: wild boar, otter, foxes, wild cats, hermine. Also, here can be found rabbits, ferrets and dogs ennot, rarely meet in
Amateur hunters and fishermen have available cabins and houses for shelter.
Tourist itineraries in the Danube Delta.
Nothing more pleasant than to slip on the Danube, on sunrise, on a boat whose kingfisher's beak scissors the canvas of the endless waters.
Traveler is often forced to go through the narrow corridors guarded by trees and reeds.
Here and there appear mysterious clearing places, covered by delicate, yellow and white water lilies.
A symphony of colors enchant eyes.
Ways to get there.
Who wants to visit the Danube Delta and to get to know it in all its brilliance, can get here on the water, by train or plane.
Roads leading to the Delta converge towards the town of Tulcea. From here you can go to any point in the Delta.
Through water, the most frequent route is one that goes from Galati passing through Isaccea to Tulcea.
By train, for visitors coming from the rest of the country, the route passes through Medgidia to Tulcea or goes from Constanta for those coming from the Black Sea.
By plane is used the route Bucharest - Tulcea and Constanta-Tulcea.
On the road there is the possibility of reaching Tulcea on route Galati-Braila-Garvăn-Isaccea-Somova-Tulcea (cross the