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Vacation Itineraries Romania, Vacation Plans Bucharest, Mountains, Monasteries, Danube Delta, Black Sea


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Surrounding Romania - Romanian Cities

Bucharest

Bucharest is the capital of Romania, the most important political, administrative, economic and cultural center of the country. The city is situated at 60 km north from the Danube and 100 km south of the Carpathians. 

Located at 26░ 06' east longitude and 44░26' north latitude, at an average altitude of 70-80 meters above sea level, Bucharest city occupies an area of 60.500 ha and is divided from the administrative point of view in 6 sectors. The population is over three million inhabitants. The town is crossed by the Dambovita river and Colentina, which are almost parallel from north-west to south-east. Mostly, the Dambovita river is channeled.

The House of People - Parliament Pallace
Situated in the middle of one of the richest and most populated part of the country, with a rich vegetation, the city is surrounded by a chain of lakes, meadows and forests which are as many places of tourist attraction.
 

Tourist Attractions in Bucharest

The beginnings of urban Bucharest were around the Old Princely Court (Curtea Veche), a former noble residence on the left bank of the Dambovita

The documents give the merit to Vlad Tepes (Vlad the Impaler) (1456-1462) for building the fortress, but the recent restoration works have provided historians and archeological the surprise of bringing to light medieval fortifications from the second half of the XIV century, which pushes a hundred years ago, during the reign of Mircea the Old (1386-1418) evidence of the existence of the town. The Old Princely Court building was rebuilt accordingly to the original building when it served as residence to the first Wallachian rulers, becoming one of the most original tourist attractions of the capital (now museum).

 
The Old Court
Curtea Veche - Bucuresti
Close by, Mircea Ciobanul (1545 - 1554 and 1558-1559) built the Church of the Old Court (30 Decembrie street no. 33), the oldest building that have been preserved in Bucharest. Turkish invasions and fires have damaged it several times. 

Three other valuable monuments belonging to the sixteenth century are: Marcuta Monastery, Plumbuita and Mihai Voda

Plumbuita Monastery (Matei Basarab street nr. 58), started by Peter the Young (1559-1568), son of Mircea Ciobanul, was finished during the reign of Mihnea Turcitul

The thick walls that surround the monastery show the specific of the feudal society of XVI century when, under Turkish oppression, Wallachian rulers were forbidden to construct military fortresses.

Marcuta Monastery

Marcuta Monastery

Plumbuita Monastery

Plumbuita Monastery

Mihai Voda Monastery

Mihai Voda Monastery

 

The eighteenth century debuts under the influence of the personality of Constantin Brancoveanu, the voivode that encouraged the development of culture and art in Wallachia. The Brancoveanu style, following the natural evolution of Wallachian architecture, represents an artistic zenith for a whole epoch, not only in Brancoveanu's work, but of its followers as well. 

Another element which characterizes the contribution of Brancoveanu to the eighteenth century architecture is the big number of non-religious buildings. Among them are Coltea hospital (B-dul. Bratianu #1), built in 1704 by Mihail Cantacuzino and, rebuilt later. Besides a large number of houses built on the banks of Dimbovita and transformation of old princely residences, Constantin Brancoveanu built palaces in Bucharest at Potlogi and around the capital in Mogosoaia. Mogosoaia palace, the splendid architectural accomplishment completed in 1702, defines in a brilliant way the new style. 

It has been restored in the recent decades, and starting in 1957, hosts the Brancoveanu Museum of Art
From this period are worthy of being noticed as well, some of the religious construction in the historic downtown.

Coltea Church
Coltea Church
Coltea Church (B-dul. Bratianu #1), located near the hospital with the same name, is a construction from 1702 built by the same Mihail Cantacuzino, mentioned above. 

Kretulescu Church (Calea Victoriei nr. 47) built in 1722 is founded by the great Logofat Kretulescu Iordache, Constantin Brancoveanu's son-in-law is remarcable due to the proportionality of it's lines and the decorative elements of the fašades. 

Stavropoleos Church (str Postei no. 4) is a harmonious construction, built two centuries and a half ago. It got it's name after a place, far away in the Balkan Peninsula, where its founder, the monk Ioanichie, from Epir, has been ordained. Medallions representing faces of saints painted in Byzantine style, 
floral embroidery like a carpet, this gem of Romanian architecture, which decorates the facade with arches in broken braces, supported on rich carved stone columns, like a lace worked by a patient hand, is divided between the artist's brush and chisel, harmony and proportions, dimensions and volumes. 

Kretulescu Church
Stavropoleos Church

Kretulescu Church

Stavropoleos Church

 

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